Current Affairs 16 November

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16 November 2022

Issues Associated with Population Growth
‘Future­-oriented sectors’
Terms in News
Sustainable Development Goals  
GS 2
Issues Associated with Population Growth

Context-India’s population growth is stabilising, it is an indicator of effective health policies, says UN

The world population touched eight billion and India was the largest contributor to the milestone, having added 177 million people of the last billion people born in the world, the UN said.

India’s Total Fertility Rate declined from 2.2 to 2.0

Total Fertility Rate -the average number of children born per woman

The main reasons for the decline in fertility include increase in adoption of modern family planning methods


World Bank Report-‘Financing India’s Urban Infrastructure Needs: Constraints to Commercial Financing and Prospects for Policy Action’

According to the World Bank, India would need to invest $840 billion over the next 15 years, that is, an average of $55 billion each year, to meet the demands of its fast-growing urban population.

Of the finances needed to fund capital expenditures for Indian cities, 48% is derived from State governments, 24% from the Central government and 15% from urban local bodies’ own surplus. The rest includes public private partnership (3%), commercial debt (2%) and loans from Housing and Urban Development Corporation, or HUDCO (8%).

GS 3
Indian Economy

‘Future­-oriented sectors’

Context-Modi spoke with Chinese President at the G20 leaders’ banquet; and reviewed strategic ties and cooperation in ‘futureoriented sectors such as artificial intelligence’ with U.S. President

  • Data Science
  • Cloud Computing
  • Artificial Intelligence (AI)
  • Internet of Things (IoT)
  • Cyber Security
  • Blockchain Technology
  • Robotics
  • Drones
  • Virtual Reality
  • Genomics
  • Nano Technology
  • Renewable Energy
  • E-learning
  • 3D Printing

Terms in News

Sharing Economy-It is a new kind of doing business by way of sharing common resources, either products or services, among the people easily and effectively with the help of technologies like GPS that make the people respond to requests for goods or services quickly.

Care Economy-Almost 40% of all projected job opportunities in emerging professions will be created in the Care Sector between 2020 and 2023, according to a report on the jobs of tomorrow from the World Economic Forum.

Care professions include Childcare, Eldercare, Nursing, Therapy, Nutrition, Mental Health Care, Healthcare Support Services (including handling advanced diagnostic tools and machines), and Personal Trainers.


Sustainable Development Goals

‘Localization of Sustainable Development Goals in Gram Panchayats’ in Kochi extensively discusses the way forward in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals in nine thematic localized areas in Gram Panchayats

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